SAE J1939 decoder

J1939
The J1939 decoder I/O (or J1939 analyzer) extracts SAE J1939 SPN values from CAN messages. It has one input that must be connected to a source of CAN messages, typically a CAN analyzer I/O, and can have multiple outputs. Each output contains the values of a single SPN (Suspect Parameter Number), selected from a database or loaded from a custom INI file. The data from these outputs can be used in graphs, meter sinks, table sinks and by other I/Os.

J1939 is a high-level protocol that defines the communication between nodes or electronic control units on a vehicle CAN bus. It was developed by the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) for car and heavy duty truck applications. Currently the J1939 standard is used worldwide by heavy duty truck and machinery companies. J1939 is commonly used for communications throughout a vehicle or machine.

J1939 decoder in use

Figure 1: J1939 decoder in use

Actions

Several actions are available to control the behavior of the J1939 decoder I/O. These can be accessed through a popup menu which is shown when the I/O is right clicked.

Add output(s)

The action Add output(s)... opens a dialog in which SPNs can be selected to be added as output to the J1939 decoder I/O.

Add output(s) dialog

Figure 2: Add output(s) dialog

The dialog lists all J1939 standard Suspect Parameter Numbers (SPNs), ordered by Parameter Group Number (PGN). The text area at the right shows information about the highlighted PGN or SPN. When only show observed IDs is checked, the SPN list is reduced to only the ones contained in PGNs that were detected in the CAN input data.

To enable quick searching of parameters, further reducing the list is possible by using a filter string. Only PGNs and SPNs with a name satisfying the filter text are shown. By default, all filter keywords must be present in the name, but is also possible to exclude keywords by adding a minus symbol (-) in front of the keyword. The following filter for example will cause only PGNs and SPNs containing the word "temperature" but not "gas" to be listed:

temperature - gas

When all required IDs are selected, clicking the OK button will add an output for each selected ID. These outputs can be connected to meter sinks, table sinks, graphs and other I/Os for further processing.

J1939 decoder I/O with outputs

Add output(s) from INI file

The J1939 standard leaves room for custom PGNs and SPNs. Manufacturers can use these to transfer information that is not covered in the J1939 standard. Custom outputs can be added to the J1939 decoder to extract this information, by loading SPN information from an INI file.

Each J1939 message contains an eight byte block of data, called a parameter group. This parameter group contains one or more suspect parameters. The INI file describes how they are encoded in the data and what their function, unit and valid ranges are. You can create an INI file section for each desired SPN as in the following example:

; Field extraction information for [PGN.SPN]:
[61444.190]
Name=Engine_Speed
Position=136
Size=16
Gain=0.125
Offset=0
Min=0
Max=8031.88
Unit=rpm

Explanation:

  • [PGN.SPN] The section header contains the Parameter Group Number and the Suspect Parameter Number, separated by a dot.
  • Name: name of the parameter. This will also be the name of the output of the J1939 decoder.
  • Position: bit position at which this parameter starts.
  • Size: size in bits of this parameter.
  • Gain: multiplication factor to determine the actual value from the binary data.
  • Offset: offset value to be added after the gain operation to get the actual value.
  • Min: minimum valid value (optional).
  • Max: maximum valid value (optional).
  • Unit: unit of the suspect parameter.

The example values result in a suspect parameter with PGN 61444 and SPN 190, called Engine_Speed, with a valid range of 0 to 8031.88 rpm and a resolution of 0.125 rpm.

Reset

The action Reset clears all data in the J1939 decoder I/O and removes all outputs.

Common properties and actions

Related information

CAN analyzer

The CAN analyzer I/O decodes analog data to CAN data.

Base section to index

The Base section to index I/O "fills gaps" in data with the last known value.

Meter

The Meter sink performs various measurements on the source's data and displays the results in segment displays as well as gauge displays.

Table

The table sink shows alphanumerical values in a table.