Data processing

The Multi Channel oscilloscope software has a modular structure, with Sources, I/Os and Sinks.

SourcesSources

Sources are modules that only generate data. The channels of instruments that are connected to the computer can be used as source, they generate the data that is measured by the hardware. The other source that is available is the software generator, which can create various signals from software that can be used in combination with measured signals.

SinksSinks

Sinks are modules that only accept data. Typical sinks are e.g. graphs and meters, they accept data and display it. Other sinks are the disk writer, to store data to disk and the sound sink, to make data audible through the sound system of the computer.

I/OsI/Os

I/Os are modules that accept data (Input), process this data in a specific way and then generate the processed data (Output). Data that is generated by an I/O can be used as input for a Sink or for another I/O. Multiple different I/Os can be chained to each other to perform a complex operation on the data. The Multi Channel oscilloscope software has many different I/Os to process data in a specific way. There are I/Os in several categories:

Basic math

These I/Os perform a basic mathematical operation on one or more signals:

I/O function
Sum Add/Subtract Add or subtract up to 32 signals
MulDiv Multiply/Divide Multiply or divide up to 32 signals
SQRT SQRT Calculate the square root of a signal
ABS ABS Determine the absolute value of a signal
Diff Differentiate Differentiate a signal
Int Integrate Integrate a signal
Log Log Calculate the logarithm of a signal

More complex math

These I/Os perform a more complex mathematical operation on a signal or consecutive signals:

I/O function
GainOffset Gain/Offset Apply gain and/or offset to a signal
Average Average Outputs the average of n measurements
LowPass Low-pass filter First order low-pass filter
MinMax Min/Max detector Peak detection with optional fall-off
Limiter Limiter Clip the input signal between a minimum and maximum limit
Resampler Resampler Changes record length and sampling frequency of an input
Data collector Data collector Appends small chunks of data to one big record

Analyzing I/Os

These I/Os analyze the input data and extract specific information from it.

I/O function
FFT FFT Perform a Fast Fourier Transform (Spectrum analyzer)
DutyCycle Duty cycle Determines duty cycle percentage
RPM RPM Converts a crankshaft sensor signal into Revolutions Per Minute
Pulse decoder Pulse decoder Decodes the A and B signal from a quadrature encoder to position
Pulse decoder CAN analyzer Decodes data on a CAN bus

Using sources, sinks and I/Os

All measurement setups in the Multi Channel oscilloscope software are built from one or more sources, I/Os and sinks. These are simply connected to each other by dragging and dropping. Multiple I/Os can be used to form complex mathematical operations.

Using I/Os

In the image above, three I/Os are used to determine the area that is enclosed by two signals in XY mode.