Window
The Window I/O applies a window function to its input signal. The window function changes the magnitude of the samples of in input signal, such that the ends smoothly taper to zero. Several different tapering functions are available.

A typical application of the Window I/O is to remove spectral leakage in a frequency spectrum using a Fourier Transform. The FFT I/O does have a window function built-in already, therefore using the Window I/O is not required there.

A second application is to shape signal bursts, e.g. to use in the Arbitrary Waveform Generator.

Properties

To control the behavior of the Window I/O, several properties are available. These can be accessed via a popup menu which is shown when the I/O is right clicked. The properties can also be accessed through its settings window which is shown when the I/O is double clicked.

Window control

Window function

The setting Window function defines which algorithm is used to adapt the signal. Several windows functions can be selected from:

  • Rectangle
  • Hanning
  • Hamming
  • Bartlett
  • Parzen
  • Welch
  • Blackman
  • Blackman-Harris
  • Flat top
  • Nuttall
  • Blackman-Nuttall

The window Rectangle is basically no window, it does not change the signal.

Normalization

A Window function changes the amount of energy in the signal. When performing an FFT on the windowed signal, the magnitudes of the spectral bins will be lower than of a non-windowed signal. To compensate for that, a Normalization can be enabled, which will give the spectral bins the correct magnitudes.

Common properties and actions

Related information

Software generator

The Software generator source generates fully configurable standard signals like sine, block and triangle.

FFT

The FFT I/O is used for spectral analysis of a signal using a Fast Fourier Transformation